(mostly XP related)
For all of you who are need to use Microsoft operating systems, but want to
have Open Source development tools there is an excellent solution.
The Win32 console is relatively weak compared to the Unix operating
system. If you need to work with Microsoft Word, Excel or PowerPoint
you don't have any real alternative to Windows 98 or Windows NT.
But you can make your life easier with the great toolkit provided
by CYGNUS. This toolkit offers access to your
common UNIX commands in a MS Windows environment.
The Cygwin tools are Win32 ports of the popular
GNU development tools for Windows NT, 95, and 98. They function
through the use of the Cygwin library which provides a UNIX-like
API on top of the Win32 API.
Use the tools to:
Develop Win32 console or GUI applications, using the Win32 API.
Easily port many UNIX programs to Windows NT/9x without making significant
source code changes. Configure and build most GNU software from
source using standard Unix build procedures.
Work in a fairly complete UNIX-like environment, with access to
many common UNIX utilities (from both the provided bash shell and
the standard Win32 command shell).
Cygwin, a UNIX environment for
How do you install it (to get
an almost UNIX like behavior)?
click the Install
now button and follow the instructions. The complete Cygwin
user guide is here.
This is the Cygwin FAQ.
A step to step
introduction for Xfree
for Cygwin is here. Add-on
programs can be found on the CygUtils
page. An overview of the applications shipped with the current
cygwin distribution is here
is the best German cygwin mirror
Versions (you should not use them ;-)):
Grab the latest win32 toolkit and run the setup
program. The complete toolkit will be installed in c:\cygnus as a default. After the installation go to
Sergey Okhapkins site and download the latest coolview.tar.bz2 file.
Apply this patch to the Win32 archive in c:\cygnus. It will replace the original C:\cygnus\cygwin-b20\H-i586-cygwin32\bin\cygwin1.dll
(as of version B20).
Now check out Andy Pipers
- ports . He has an almost complete /usr/local directory and
a X11R4 port. Apply the archives to your installation. Take care
of adding the new directories to your PATH variable (by adding it
to c:\autoexec.bat ). You need a working X11 Server
for Win32 as eXceed or
xVision if you like to run local X11 commands such as xterm or rxvt.
best way to add systemwide variables is to edit c:\autoexec.bat.
By doing it this way you ensure that the C:\cygnus\cygwin-b20\H-i586-cygwin32\bin\cygwin1.dll
gets all relevant variables.
You should add at least:
A basic PATH:
Your home directory:
A TERM variable (various commands such as less
or mutt depend on it): SET TERM=linux
Your username: SET USER=hh
The CYGWIN variable (tty control): SET CYGWIN=tty
You need a /tmp and a /etc directory. A
lot of programs that are suited for a UNIX like environment check
e.g. /etc/passwd with the getpwent(). Inside /etc you should have
/etc/passwd (with the corresponding entry to your USER variable)
After those basic steps you have an almost Linux like
version of Win32. You may now compile (or download) various UNIX
utilities that work in a Win32 environment like less, vim, ncftp, tcsh,
ssh, rsync, etc, ...
Be sure to mount any filesystems (disk drives) in binary mode. You can check the mount status with the mount
Device Directory Type Flags
c:\usr\local /usr/local native text=binary
f: /f native text=binary
\\.\tape1: /dev/st1 native text!=binary
\\.\tape0: /dev/st0 native text!=binary
\\.\b: /dev/fd1 native text!=binary
\\.\a: /dev/fd0 native text!=binary
f: /desaster native text=binary
d: /d native text=binary
c: / native text=binary
If a device is mounted
text!=binary you may want to umount it. After the umount mount it with the -b (binary) switch.
Anti Virus Software
Use the standard Win32 anti virus software. There
is no direct anti virus support with the CYGWIN project. Heise
maintains a list of anti virus software.
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